History of Photography

Introduction  History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary 
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")




Arnold Genthe

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Genthe was born in Berlin, Germany to Louise Zober and Hermann Genthe, a professor of Latin and Greek at the Graues Kloster (Grey Monastery) in Berlin. Arnold followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a classically trained scholar; he received a doctorate in philology in 1894 at the University of Jena, where he knew artist Adolf Menzel, his mother's cousin.
After emigrating to San Francisco in 1895 to work as a tutor, he taught himself photography. He was intrigued by the Chinese section of the city and photographed its inhabitants, from children to drug addicts, Due to his subjects' possible fear of his camera or their reluctance to have pictures taken, Genthe sometimes hid his camera. He sometimes removed evidence of Western culture from these pictures, cropping or erasing as needed. About 200 of his Chinatown pictures survive and these comprise the only known photographic depictions of the area before 1906 earthquake.
After local magazines published some of his photographs in the late 1890s, he opened a portrait studio. He knew some of the city's wealthy matrons, and as his reputation grew, his clientèle included Nance O'Neil, Sarah Bernhardt, and Jack London.
In 1906, the San Francisco earthquake and fire destroyed Genthe's studio, but he rebuilt. His photograph of the earthquake's aftermath, Looking Down Sacramento Street, San Francisco, April 18, 1906, is his most famous photograph.
In 1911 he moved to New York City, where he remained until his death of a heart attack in 1942. He worked primarily in portraiture and Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and John D. Rockefeller all sat for him. His photos of Greta Garbo were credited with boosting her career. He also photographed modern dancers, including Anna Pavlova, Isadora Duncan, and Ruth St. Denis, and his photos were featured in the 1916 book, The Book of the Dance. He also was an early experimenter with the autochrome color photography process


Street of Gamblers. Toned gelatin silver print, circa 1898


San Fransisco Earthquake


Anna Pawlowa, 1924/1925


A Proud Chinese American Father


Alice wortley duquesne 1913


Chinese American Children in Traditional Dresses


Self Portrait


Arturo Toscanini


Audrey Munson


Duquesne 1913


Pearl Buck


Nora May Frenc


Millay magn


Lady Duff Gordon,1919


John Barrymore


Greta Garbo 1925


Greta Garbo


Schuhmacher in der Chinesenstadt, um 1896


Chinese Merchant with Bodyguard, um 1920


Spiegelung, um 1920


Elise Dufour Dancers, um 1920


Tanz am Wasser, um 1920


Ruth Saint Denis, um 1920


Chinesen auf der Straße, um 1920


Chinesenwinkel in San Francisco, um 1920


Chinese mit Kindern, um 1920


Isatora Duncan, um 1925


Isatora Duncan, um 1926


Isatora Duncan


Isatora Duncan


Fe Alf (Wigman School)


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