History of Photography

Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")




Karel Teige

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Karel Teige (December 13, 1900 October 1, 1951) was the major figure of the Czech avant-garde movement Devetsil (Nine Forces) in the 1920s, a graphic artist, photographer, and typographer. Teige also worked as an editor and graphic designer for Devětsil's monthly magazine ReD (Revue Devetsilu).

With evidently endless energy, Teige introduced modern art to Prague. Devetsil-sponsored exhibitions and events brought international avant-garde figures like Le Corbusier, Man Ray, Paul Klee, Vladimir Mayakovsky, and Walter Gropius, among many others, to lecture and perform in Prague. Teige interpreted their work, sometimes literally, for the Czech audience. In his 1935 Prague lecture, André Breton paid tribute to his "perfect intellectual fellowship" with Teige and Nezval: "Constantly interpreted by Teige in the most lively way, made to undergo an all-powerful lyric thrust by Nezval, Surrealism can flatter itself that it has blossomed in Prague as it has in Paris."
Although not an architect, Teige was an articulate and knowledgeable architecture critic, an active participant in CIAM, and friends with Hannes Meyer, the second director of the Bauhaus. Teige and Meyer both believed in a scientific, functionalist approach to architecture, grounded in Marxist principles. In 1929 he famously criticized Le Corbusier's Mundaneum project (planned for Geneva but never built) on the grounds that Corbusier had departed from rational functionalism, and was on his way to becoming a mere stylist. Teige believed that 'the only aim and scope of modern architecture is the scientific solution of exact tasks of rational construction.
After welcoming the Soviet army as liberators, Teige was silenced by the Communist government in 1948. In 1951 he died of a heart attack, said to be a result of a ferocious Soviet press campaign against him as a 'Trotskyite degenerate,' his papers were destroyed by the secret police, and his published work was suppressed for decades.


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Cover for ReD (Vol. 2, no. 8), April 1929.

Cover for Pantomima (Pantomime), by Vítezslav Nezval, Prague, 1935



Cover for Historie jednoho léta (History of One Summer), by Ilya Erenburg, Prague, 1927

Cover for Básne noci
(Poems of the Night), by Vítezslav Nezval, Prague, 1938



Cover for ReD (Vol. 1, no. 7), April 1928.

Cover for Pantomima (Pantomime), by Vítezslav Nezval, Prague, 1935


Illustration for Abeceda (Alphabet), by Vítezslav Nezval, Prague, 1926.


Collage Number 50, 1938.


Collage Number 243, 1942.


Collage Number 50, 1938.


Collage, 1941


Illustration for Abeceda (Alphabet), by Vítezslav Nezval, Prague, 1926.






Illustration for Abeceda (Alphabet), by Vítezslav Nezval, Prague, 1926.


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