History of Photography


Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")


 

 



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")

 
 

 

 


Arnold Newman

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Arnold Abner Newman (3 March 1918, New York, NY 6 June 2006, New York, NY) was an American photographer, noted for his "environmental portraits" of artists and politicians. He was also known for his carefully composed abstract still life images.
Newman graduated high school in Miami Beach and attended the University of Miami studying painting and drawing with an introduction to Modernism. Unable to afford continuing after two years, he moved to Philadelphia, PA to work for a studio making 49-cent portraits. His time there taught the importance of interacting with his subjects and allowed him to develop his technique.
Newman returned to Florida in 1942 to manage a portrait studio in West Palm Beach. Three years later he opened his own business in Miami Beach. In 1946, Newman relocated to New York, opened Arnold Newman Studios and worked as a freelance photographer for Fortune, Life, and Newsweek.
Newman found his vision in the empathy he felt for artists and their work. Although he photographed many personalities Marlene Dietrich, John F. Kennedy, Harry S. Truman, Piet Mondrian, Pablo Picasso, Arthur Miller, Marilyn Monroe, Ronald Reagan and Mickey Mantle he maintained that even if the subject is not known, or is already forgotten, the photograph itself must still excite and interest the viewer.
Newman is often credited with being the first photographer to use so-called environmental portraiture, in which the photographer places the subject in a carefully controlled setting to capture the essence of the individual's life and work. Newman normally captured his subjects in their most familiar surroundings with representative visual elements showing their professions and personalities. A musician for instance might be photographed in their recording studio or on stage, a Senator or other politician in their office or a representative building. Using a large-format camera and tripod, he worked to record every detail of a scene.
"I didn't just want to make a photograph with some things in the background," Newman told American Photo magazine in an interview. "The surroundings had to add to the composition and the understanding of the person. No matter who the subject was, it had to be an interesting photograph. Just to simply do a portrait of a famous person doesn't mean a thing."
Newman's best-known images were in black and white, although he often photographed in color. His black and white portrait of Igor Stravinsky seated at a grand piano became his signature image, even though it was rejected by the magazine that gave the assignment to Newman. He was one of the few photographers allowed to make a portrait of the famously camera-shy Henri Cartier-Bresson.
Among Newman's best-known color images is an eerie portrait that shows convicted former Nazi slave labor boss Alfried Krupp in one of Krupp's factories.
Newman taught photography at Cooper Union for many years.

 


Marilyn Monroe

 


Pablo Picasso

 


Alfried Krupp

 


Andy Warhol

 


Lyndon B. Johnson

 


Diana Vreeland

 


Igor Stravinsky

 


Henry Miller

 


Ronald Reagan

 


General Moshe Dayan, 1967, Israel

 


Ansel Adams

 


Zero Mostel

 


Truman Capote

 


W. Eugene Smith

 


 Barnett Newman

 

Rupert Murdoch

 


Gordon Parks

 


President John F. Kennedy with his advisors on steps of the White House October 24, 1963 in Washington, DC.

 


Marilyn Monroe

 


Henry Luce

 


Brassai

 


Truman Capote

 


Paul Strand

 


Tony Smith

 


Willem De Kooning with daughter Lisa and wife Elaine December

 


Lucas Samaras

 


Keith Emerson, Greg Lake, and Carl Palmer

 


Philip Glass

 


Isaac Asimov

 


Eric Morecambe and Ernie Wise

 


Georgia O'Keeffe

 


Georgia O'Keeffe

 


Andrew Wyeth

 


Marcel Duchamp

 


Architect I.M. Pei

 


Bill Clinton

 


Martin Scorsese

 


 Lillian Hellman

 


Walter Cronkite

 


Dr. Jonas Salk

 


General Moshe Dayan, 1979, Israel

 


Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, Israel.

 


Jimmy Breslin

 


Martha Graham

 


Marilyn Monroe

 


John F. Kennedy

 

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