History of Photography

Introduction. History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary.
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")



see also:

Nadar. Sarah Bernhardt, ca. 1864



(b Paris, 8 April 1820; d Paris, 21 March 1910).

 French photographer, printmaker, draughtsman, writer and balloonist. He was born into a family of printers and became familiar with the world of letters very early in life. He abandoned his study of medicine for journalism, working first in Lyon and then in Paris. In the 1840s Nadar moved in socialist, bohemian circles and developed strong republican convictions. Around this time he adopted the pseudonym Nadar (from ‘Tourne à dard’, a nickname he gained because of his talent for caricature). For his friend Charles Baudelaire, Nadar personified ‘the most astonishing expression of vitality’. In 1845 he published his first novel, La Robe de Dejanira, and the following year he embarked on his career as a caricaturist, working for La Silhouette and Le Charivari and subsequently for the Revue comique (1848) and Charles Philipon’s Journal pour rire (1849), which later became the Journal amusant (1856). In London in 1863 Nadar discovered the drawings in Punch and met the illustrators Paul Gavarni and Constantin Guys, who became a friend. Nadar ended his career as a caricaturist in 1865, by which time he had become famous as a photographer.


Self-Portrait, c. 1855.
Salt print. J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles.


Sarah Bernhardt, 1865.
Albumen print. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.


George Sand, from Galerie Contemporaine, 1877.
Woodburyrype. International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, N.Y.


Eugene Emmanuel Violet-le-Duc, from Galerie Contemporaine, 1878.
Woodburytype. International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester, N.Y.


Charles Baudelaire


Georges Boulanger


Georges Clemenceau


Camille Corot


Gustave Courbet


Charles-Francois Daubigny


Eugene Delacroix


Young Woman in Profile
c. 1859


Jules Favre in 1865


Leon Gambetta in 1870


Gustave Dore, 1859




Alexandre Dumas


Franz Liszt


Henri Rochefort


Ernest H. Shackleton


Adolphe Thiers

The former painter Charles Crodel with a scetch-book, 1905


Aime Millet , 1856-1858


A.-E. Scribe , 1856-1859


Self-Portrait , 1856-1858


Nadar's son, photographed by Nadar with members
of the Second Japanese Embassy to Europe in 1863.


Théophile Gautier


Jules Verne


Marquis de Galliffet, the fusilleur de la Commune


Finette of Mabille , 1855


Self-Portrait , 1856-1858


Madame Crémieux , 1856


Adolphe Crémieux , 1856


Theodore Rousseau , 1855-1859


Sarah Bernhardt as Phedre in Racine's "Phaedra"


Mme E. M. Labiche , 1855-1859


Victor Hugo on His Deathbed


Theophile Gautier , 1855


Mére Marie Jamet


J.-F. Berthelier , 1855-1859


Pierrot the Photographer




Peter Kropotkin


Jules Janin , 1853-1854


Marceline D.-V. , 1854


Mme. E. Nadar , 1854-1855


Auguste Préault , 1854-1855


Emile Augier , 1855 - 1857


Auguste Luchet , 1855-1859


Gustave Mathieu , 1855-1859


Alphonse Daudet


Ilja Iljitsch Metschnikow


The Photographer's Wife


Jean-François Millet


The Catacombs


The Sewers


The Arc de Triomphe and the Grand Boulevards, Paris, from a Balloon, 1868.
Modem gelatin silver print from the original negative. Caisse Nationale des Monuments Historiques et des Sites, Paris.


Workmen in the Pans Catacombs, 1861.
Albumen print. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.


Le Bris and his flying machine, Albatros II




Discuss Art

Please note: site admin does not answer any questions. This is our readers discussion only.

| privacy