History of Photography

Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")



see also:

Gerard Malanga.

Andy Warhol and The Velvet Underground, 1966


Gerard Joseph Malanga

(born March 20, 1943) is a North American poet, photographer, filmmaker, curator and archivist.

Born in the Bronx, New York, he graduated from the School of Industrial Art in Manhattan and attended Wagner College on Staten Island. At Wagner, he befriended one of his English professors, Willard Maas and his wife, Marie Menken -- both experimental filmmakers and socialites who were the basis for Edward Albee's play, "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" In 1981 Gerard Malanga photographed the last farmer on Staten Island, Herbert Gericke. Malanga was a major influence on Andy Warhol, with whom he founded Interview magazine, which still flourishes under different management. Malanga was Warhol's chief assistant from 1963 to 1970, as well as the lead actor in many of his early films. His photographs of poets have been published in The New Yorker, Poetry, and Unmuzzled OX.
Gerard Malanga is perhaps best known as Warhol’s right-hand-man during the artist’s most prolific and influential period as a filmmaker and painter, during which Malanga created a series of deeply romantic films of his own, in which Malanga’s on-screen persona of "the young poet" is foregrounded in each frame. Malanga’s films, shot almost entirely with a hand-held Bolex, present a world in which all is celebration, beauty, and sacrifice of the self for art. The thirty-minute color and black and white film In Search of the Miraculous (1967) is an emotional, vivid poem of adoration for his then-fiancée, Benedetta Barzini.
Other early Malanga films also put the performer center stage within the filmmaker's lens. Mary for Mary (1966) is a portrait of the actor Mary Woronov, wielding her whip with customary aplomb as she confronts Malanga’s camera; Donovan Meets Gerard (1966) documents a performative meeting between Malanga and the folk singer Donovan at Warhol’s studio. One of Malanga’s most ambitious works, the sixty-minute, split-screen, two-projector, stereo-sound Pre-Raphaelite Dream (1968), documents the filmmaker’s friends and extended family in Cambridge, Massachusetts, as they perform their lives for the camera. In The Recording Zone Operator (1968), shot on location in Rome in 35mm Techniscope/Technicolor, Malanga worked with Tony Kinna, Anita Pallenberg and members of the Living Theatre.
In 1970, Malanga left Warhol's studio to work on his own.
Currently, Malanga maintains an archive of his still- and motion-picture records of life at Warhol's Factory, and continues his work as a poet. He is the author of some twenty volumes of poetry, including the collection This Will Kill That, and a collaboration with Warhol which has become a much sought-after collector's item, Screen Tests: A Diary, which contains some of his most compelling early poems.


The Velvet Underground and Nico with Andy Warhol

Andy Warhol with The Velvet Underground and Nico, The Castle


Patti Smith in subway, 1971


Warhol Factory group shot, 1968.


Andy Warhol accompanying Nico, MC for a Late Night Horror movie series on a local TV station, Boston, Ca. 1966


Nico, contactsheet fragment, Ca. 1962


Nico, 1966


The Velvet Underground, 1966


Gerard Malanga and Andy Warhol
Still from Benedetta Barzini's Screen Test, 1966


Andy Warhol in Piero Heliczer's Joan of Arc, 1966.


The concluding scene from Andy Warhol:
Portraits of the Artist As A Young Man.
A film by Gerard Malanga, 1964-65


Charles Bukowski, 1972


Brion Gysin and William Burroughs at their flat in St. James', London, 1972


Robert Creeley and Spot, 1973


Duke Ellington, 1971


Joe Dallesandro and Cindy Lee, 1971


Roman Polanski, 1972


Taylor Mead, 1971


Andrew Wylie in the London Tube, 1972


Edie Sedgwick photobooth portrait
from Gerard Malanga's objet photomaton series, 1966


Candy Darling, 1971


Andy Warhol and Parker Tyler, 1969


Terry Southern and Larry Rivers, 1974


Andy Warhol and Truman Capote, 1980


John Rechy and Charles Bukowski, 1973


After School, 1985


Deshabille, 1982


The Golden Hour, 1980


Portrait of Charles Olson, 1969


Candy Darling, 1971




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