History of Photography

Introduction History of Photography (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

A World History of Photography (by Naomi Rosenblum)

The Story Behind the Pictures 1827-1991 (by Hans-Michael Koetzle)

Photographers' Dictionary
(based on "20th Century Photography - Museum Ludwig Cologne")



Photographers' Dictionary

(based on "20th Century Photography-Museum Ludwig Cologne")




Lucien Clergue

(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Lucien Clergue (born August 14, 1934) is a French photographer.
Clergue was born in Arles. From the age of 7, Lucien Clergue learnt to play the violin. Several years later, his teacher revealed to him that he had nothing more to teach him. From a family of shopkeepers, he could not pursue further studies in a conservatory. In 1949, he learns the rudiments of photography. Four years later, at a corrida in Arles, he showed his photos to Pablo Picasso, who though subdued demanded to see others. Within a year and a half, young Clergue worked with the goal of sending photos to Picasso. During this period he worked on his series of photographs of traveling entertainers, acrobats and harlequins, the « Saltimbanques ». He also worked meanwhile on a series whose subject is carrion.
On 4 November 1955, Lucien Clergue visited Picasso in Cannes. Their friendship lasted near 30 years, until the death of the Master. The book, Picasso my friend retraces the important moments of their relation.
Clergue has taken many photographs of the gypsies of southern France, and he was instrumental in propelling the guitarist Manitas de Plata to fame.
In 1968 he founded, along with his friend Michel Tournier the Rencontres d’Arles photography festival which is held in Arles in July.
Clergue has illustrated books, among these a book by writer Yves Navarre.

In 2007, the city of Arles honored Lucien Clergue and dedicated a retrospective collection of 360 of his photographs dating from 1953 to 2007. He also received the 2007 Lucie Award.
He is named knight of the Légion d'honneur in 2003 and elected member of the Academy of Fine Arts of the Institute of France on the 31 May 2006, on the creation of a new section consecrated to photography. Clergue is the first photographer to enter the Academy to a seat devoted to photography.


































Gypsy boys


Bullfights, Arles


Nu zébré


Pablo Picasso-LA Californie, Cannes

Sol y Ombra II



Nu ornithologiaque, Arles/Louvre


Nu Zébré, New York


Jean Cocteau et le Sphinx, dans « Le Testament d’Orphée », les Baux de Provence


Les montreurs de singes, rue Genive, Arles


El Cardobès après le descabello, Nîmes


Trio de Saltimbanques in Arles


Nude 6

Nu Zébré, New York, 1997


Nu de la rivière aux poissons, Bessèges 2005


Fontaines du Grand Palais, Paris


The Giants


Harlequin, Arles


Nude Zebra, New York


Picasso on the Beach, Cannes


Nu sur les rochers, Bretagne













El Cordobes


Picasso in Frejus






Gitans-Stes. Maries


"Nu Aux Etoiles" - Port Lobos













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